The architecture of Thailand is an amazing reflection of its rich cultural heritage and history . It is a thriving multi-cultural society which adds to its already existing appeal of stunning beaches, lively nightlife, a wide variety of food and interesting cultures. Through time, the architecture in Thailand has developed and has been through various distinct phases , with distinct periods of development known as the Pre colonial period, Modern period and Thai New Age. Each style of architecture contributes to Thailand’s unique style and character. The French style, or the Lifestyle, is one example of architectural styles. Another is the Thai style or Sukothai that is a different. These styles have evolved in line with the development of the country and were influenced by numerous factors like the weather as well as the culture and the geography.
A large portion of the architecture of Thailand focuses on the creation of its own unique identity, which was defined by the country’s social and cultural development. The uniqueness of Thailand can be seen in the wide range of styles and designs that compose modern Thailand architecture. Modern architecture was born out of Japanese influence. These projects were built in the post-war period to respond to Thailand’s growing economic growth. Modern structures featured an unique “vertical stack system” that allowed for easy implementation and the use of high-quality materials in a small space. บริษัทสถาปนิก This feature is a common feature in modern Thai cities.
Post colonial architecture is a subset of the above. It was created by architects who fled or sought refuge in Bangkok after the war. In this area, many elements of the modernist architecture were incorporated specifically in the form of the discipline referred to as master planning. The British introduced master planning or architectural planning to Thailand as a way to manage the Thai economy. These “colonialists” were able to create master plans that focused on efficient use of space.
The modern architecture in Thailand can also be traced back to the time that the urban planning process was initiated by King Rama V, the last of the Chakri dynasty. The foundation for modern Thai architecture was laid under the direction of Dr. Rama V bin Supapha. He was the first postcolonial architect to use European interior design and construction concepts. His work led to a widespread shift towards master planning. Dr. Supapha’s original ideas are evident in the widespread use, in Thai master planning of elements like diagonal planning and compartmentalization. This is a significant part in the pre-modern era.
Thai interior design is also inspired by Islamic art and structures, particularly the Arabic language and the Suq al Bahar Hadith. Many of the modern day structures in Bangkok are inspired by structures such as the clock tower, dome and minaret. Although there are only a few Arabic words used in Bangkok architecture, the design of the buildings has strong ties to Arabic culture and practices. In addition many buildings in Bangkok employ similar materials and techniques as structures located in Mecca and Medina. In other words, modern day Bangkok architecture is deeply rooted in traditional architectural styles of Islamic countries.
Architecture in Thailand is not restricted to the traditional areas. In addition, it is a reflection of the influence of Western architecture that has been adopted into Thai interior design. This concept was first implemented by the extension of the Royal Palace Complex onto the banks of the Chao Phraya River. But, even the present, there are efforts to expand the design of the building to the rural fringes of Thailand. For instance in the development of projects such as the Shuswap temple in Krabi, the use of pre-Roman terracotta and stone is being utilized instead of traditional Thai brick.
In relation to Bangkok, there are two major projects that have been launched in recent times to bring an increasingly Western view of the architecture practiced in the Thai capital. One of these projects is the transformation of the Bangkok Stock Exchange Building (BSE) into a residential complex. The architects who worked on this project wanted to create a building which has a genuine look and feel of Bangkok. The introduction of modern elements made it easier to lower the cost of such projects. Apart from the stock exchange, architects were also required to take on the daunting task of modernizing and renovating other structures like the Suan Lum Night Bazaar and Santichaeng Night Bazaar and the Santichaeng Sky Bazaar.
The architecture of Thailand is diverse. This is evident in Bangkok’s frequent use of old-fashioned components in residential projects. Specifically, the introduction of modern structures and designs for residential homes by architects like Robert Ebert and Christopher Alexander resulted in a structure which incorporates a wide range of modern components like flat roofs, column-free floors, and exposed brickwork. In addition there is a growing scope for interior design in the country. As more expatriates relocate to Bangkok to reside, interior designers are also getting lots of attention.